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Farashin masana'anta SAIC MAXUS V80 OIL PAN C00046467

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Sunan samfuran FANON MAI
Aikace-aikacen samfuran SAIC MAXUS V80
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Ilimin samfuran

A yayin tuki, motar tana buƙatar canza yanayin tuƙi akai-akai bisa ga umarnin direba, wanda shine abin da ake kira tuƙin mota.Dangane da abin hawa masu ƙafafu, hanyar da za a gane sitiyarin motar ita ce, direban ya sa ƙafafun (steering wheels) a kan sitiyarin (yawanci axle na gaba) na abin hawa yana karkatar da wani kusurwa dangane da axis na tsaye. na abin hawa ta hanyar saitin na'urori na musamman.Lokacin da motar ke tuƙi a madaidaiciyar layi, sau da yawa ƙarfin kutse na gefen hanya yana shafar sitiyarin, kuma ta juya ta atomatik don canza hanyar tuƙi.A wannan lokacin, direban kuma zai iya amfani da wannan na'ura don karkatar da sitiyarin ta wata hanya dabam, ta yadda zai dawo da ainihin hanyar tukin motar.Wannan saitin cibiyoyi na musamman da ake amfani da su don canza ko mayar da alkiblar mota ana kiranta tsarin sitiyarin mota (wanda aka fi sani da tsarin tukin mota).Don haka aikin sitiyarin mota shi ne tabbatar da cewa motar za ta iya tuki da tuki bisa ga nufin direba.[1]

Watsa shirye-shiryen gyaran ƙa'idar gini

Tsarin tuƙi na mota ya kasu kashi biyu: tsarin tuƙi na inji da tsarin tuƙi.

Tsarin tuƙi na injina

Tsarin tuƙi na inji yana amfani da ƙarfin jiki na direba a matsayin makamashin tuƙi, wanda duk sassan watsa ƙarfi na inji ne.Tsarin tuƙi na inji ya ƙunshi sassa uku: injin sarrafa tuƙi, injin tutiya da injin watsawa.

Hoto na 1 yana nuna zane-zane na tsari da tsari na tsarin tuƙi na inji.Lokacin da abin hawa ya juya, direban yana yin jujjuya sitiyari zuwa sitiyarin 1 .Wannan jujjuyawar tana shigar da sitiyarin 5 ta hanyar tuƙi 2, haɗin gwiwa na duniya 3 da siginar watsawa ta 4.Ƙunƙarar da aka ƙara ta hanyar tutiya da motsi bayan raguwa ana watsa shi zuwa ga tuƙi rocker hannu 6, sa'an nan kuma aika zuwa ga sitiya ƙugiya 8 kafaffen a kan hagu sitiya ƙugiya 9 ta hanyar madaidaicin sandar sitiya 7, don haka madaidaicin tuƙi na hagu. kuma ƙuƙumar tuƙi na hagu da yake goyan bayan ana watsa shi.Motar tuƙi ta karkata.Domin karkatar da ƙwanƙun sitiya na dama 13 da madaidaiciyar sitiyarin dama yana goyan bayan kusurwoyi masu dacewa, ana kuma samar da trapezoid sitiya.Tuƙi trapezoid ya ƙunshi trapezoidal makamai 10 da 12 kafaffen a kan hagu da dama ƙullun tuƙi da kuma sandar ƙulla igiya 11 wanda iyakarsa an haɗa su tare da trapezoidal makamai ta hanyar ball hinges.

Hoto 1 Tsarin tsari na abun da ke ciki da shimfidar tsarin tuƙi na inji

Hoto 1 Tsarin tsari na abun da ke ciki da shimfidar tsarin tuƙi na inji

Jerin abubuwan da aka gyara da sassa daga sitiyari zuwa mashin watsawa suna cikin tsarin sarrafa tuƙi.Jerin abubuwan da aka gyara da sassa (ban da ƙuƙumman tutiya) daga hannun tuƙi zuwa trapezoid mai tuƙi suna cikin hanyar watsa sitiyadi.

tsarin sarrafa wutar lantarki

Tsarin sarrafa wutar lantarki tsarin tuƙi ne wanda ke amfani da ƙarfin jiki na direba da ƙarfin injin a matsayin makamashin tuƙi.A cikin yanayi na yau da kullun, kawai ƙaramin ɓangaren makamashin da ake buƙata don tuƙi na motar direba ne ke ba da shi, kuma yawancin injin yana ba da shi ta na'urar sarrafa wutar lantarki.Koyaya, lokacin da na'urar sarrafa wutar lantarki ta gaza, gabaɗaya direba ya kamata ya iya gudanar da aikin tuƙi da kansa.Sabili da haka, ana samar da tsarin sarrafa wutar lantarki ta hanyar ƙara saitin na'urorin sarrafa wutar lantarki bisa tsarin sarrafa injin.

Don abin hawa mai nauyi mai matsakaicin jimlar fiye da 50t, da zarar na'urar tuƙi ta gaza, ƙarfin da direban ke amfani da shi zuwa ƙwanƙarar tuƙi ta hanyar jirgin ƙasa na injin ya yi nisa don karkatar da sitiyarin don cimma tutiya. .Don haka, ya kamata tuƙin wutar lantarki irin waɗannan motocin ya zama abin dogaro musamman.

Hoto 2 Tsarin tsari na tsari na tsarin sarrafa wutar lantarki

Hoto 2 Tsarin tsari na tsari na tsarin sarrafa wutar lantarki

FIG.2 zane-zane ne wanda ke nuna nau'in tsarin sarrafa wutar lantarki da tsarin bututun na'urar tutiya wutar lantarki.Abubuwan da ke cikin na'urar sarrafa wutar lantarki sune: tankin mai 9, famfo mai tuƙi 10, bawul ɗin sarrafa bawul 5 da silinda mai sitiya 12.Lokacin da direban ya juya sitiyarin 1 a kirgawa agogon agogo baya (steering na hagu), sitiyarin rocker hannu 7 yana tuka sitiyarin madaidaiciyar sanda 6 don matsawa gaba.Ƙarfin jan igiyar igiya madaidaiciya yana aiki akan ƙwanƙwan ƙwanƙwasa 4, kuma ana watsa shi zuwa hannun trapezoidal 3 da kuma sandar ƙugiya ta 11 bi da bi, don motsawa zuwa dama.A lokaci guda kuma, sandar madaidaiciyar sitiyarin kuma tana fitar da bawul ɗin faifai a cikin bawul ɗin sarrafa bawul 5, ta yadda ɗakin dama na silinda wutar lantarki 12 ya haɗa da tankin mai da sifili na ruwa.Babban matsi mai ƙarfi na famfon mai 10 yana shiga cikin rami na hagu na silinda wutar lantarki, don haka ƙarfin hydraulic na dama akan piston na silinda wutar lantarki yana aiki akan tie 11 ta hanyar turawa, wanda kuma ya haifar da shi. matsawa zuwa dama.Ta wannan hanyar, ƙaramin sitiyarin da direban ya yi amfani da shi a kan sitiyarin zai iya shawo kan juriyar juriya da ke aiki a kan sitiyarin ta ƙasa.

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